history of the Borough of Stoke-upon-Trent
|Roman Roads in Stoke-upon-Trent - Rykeneld Street|
Roman Roads in Stoke-upon-Trent - Rykeneld Street Source: "The Borough of Stoke-upon-Trent" John Ward, 1843
Charter of the Abbey of Hulton
The Foundation Charter of the Abbey of Hulton, dated 1223, contains a description of the possessions, granted by Henry de Audley, to the Abbots and Monks; which includes lands in Normancote (became Normicot Grange, now Normacot), adjoining to Longton and Lane End.
This estate is said to be bounded by the old course of the river Blithe (now river Blythe), as far as a place called Wetmeresbrook, (or Wetmotesbrook), which must be near Bthythe Bridge, and from there to run up Rykeneld Street and through the village of Mere as far as the spring which flows from the intakes of Mere. ("De assartis de Mere" - Assartum signified land reclaimed from a wood or waste).
Here we have a document more than seven hundred years old which identifies Rykeneld Street.
Route of Rykeneld Street
"This road proceeded from Blyth Marsh, in a direct course towards Lane Endů the Sutherland Road in Lane End is a continuation of it; at the north end of which it again unites with the turnpike road, and passing the church, goes on to Lane Delph; but there the turnpike road diverges a little, and the Rykeneld Street goes, or rather did go, in a direct line to the pear-Tree Houses, and the Manor House of Little Fenton; then passing Cauldon Place and Shelton Hall, a little on the left to Foul Hay House, from whence it most likely proceeded up a hollow way or dingle to Wolstanton Marsh; thence, perhaps, through the village of Wolstanton, to the top of Port Hill, and along the present road towards Bradwell Hall, in the direction of Chesterton; but we are unable, after considerable diligence, to discover any traces of the Rykeneld Street between Wolstanton and Chesterton.
map of theRoute of Rykeneld Street - through Lane End, Wolstanton to Chesterton
next: Chesterton and Roman occupation
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