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Listed Buildings in Stoke-on-Trent and area

"The Big House" - Burslem


Area
Burslem
Street
1 Moorland Road
Heritage No.
15a
Grade
II*
Date Listed
02 October 1951
Building: Former Midland Bank - now offices
Location: STOKE ON TRENT SJ8649NE  Moorland Road, Burslem
Description:  Built 1751 for Thomas and John Wedgwood, red brick, 3 stories

 

The Big House of John & Thomas Wedgwood
The Big House of John & Thomas Wedgwood
1 Moorland Road

 Mr Brian Peach - Oct 2000

"In 1750, the Brothers [John & Thomas Wedgwood] erected near their manufactory, (and now in full view of Waterloo Road to Cobridge,) a Dwelling House, so durable, and on so scale of extent, and a stile of magnificence, so far excelling all in the district, that it was called the BIG HOUSE; and now bears the name, (applied also to its founders, to distinguish the family, from that of the Over House, and that of the Church Yard Works.) These Brothers continued their manufactures until 1763; when they retired to enjoy a very large property, the reward of their industry and integrity."

Simeon Shaw - History of the Staffordshire Potteries (1829)



The Big House of John & Thomas Wedgwood built 1750.
once enclosed by a garden wall and part of the large
Red Lion Estate
.
 


The back of the house faced the factory was much
plainer than the front.
The 1812 map shows that the factory entrance was immediately
 by the side of the Big House where movement
to and from the works could be readily observed by the owners.

photos: Steve Birks - 2000


Previous Bank, formerly dwelling.

Circa 1751. For Thomas and John Wedgwood. Brick with plain tiled roof. 3-storeyed, 5 bays with advanced central bay with pediment.

Central doorway in Doric architrave with triglyph frieze and pedimented head. Flanking margin lights. Sash windows with stone architraves in central bay. Sill bands, moulded eaves cornice and gable end stacks. Return elevation to Wedgwood Place of 2 bays with 12-pane (9 to attic) sash windows with stuccoed heads with keystones, and heavy cornice to parapet. Interior reported as retaining staircase and panelling.

The earliest surviving example of a pottery manufacturer's house.

(Baker D: Potworks: 1991-: P. 31).



The Big House - built 1750
The Big House - built 1750

The Big House is illustrated above. Its relationship to its surrounding buildings has completely changed in the last 250 years (see photos below). When it was erected it stood at the front of an extensive factory all of which since been demolished. The 1812 map shows that the factory entrance was immediately by the side of the Big House where movement to and from the works could be readily observed by the owners.

The house was separated from the road by a wall which enclosed a garden on two sides of the house (see maps 1812 and 1851). Architectural ornamentation was confined to the two elevations visible to the general public. The back of the house which faced the factory was built in a much plainer style. The Big House also stood at the head of a large estate. The brothers rent book shows that between 1740 and 1767 they spent 13,000 on the acquisition of land, houses and buildings in the area.

notes by Andrew Dobraszczyc


next: Moorland Pottery Works, Burslem
previous: Former Town Hall, Market Place, Burslem
 

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