Clementson Brothers


Location and period of operation:

Clementson Bros





Earthenware and ironstone manufacturers at both the Phoenix Works and the Bell Works, Hanley, Stoke-on-Trent, England.

  • Joseph Clementson had operated on his own account since 1839, he retired from business in 1867 in favour of his four sons and his son-in-law, Edward Baxter (minister at Bethesda chapel Hanley, who had married Joseph Clementson's youngest daughter Lucy). 

  • The four brothers were Francis, Joseph Walton, Matthew and John. By January 1874 John Clementson had retired from the business, which was continued by the other brothers. The London Gazette, 16 March 1875.

  • By 1893 Clementson Brothers had 275 employees. 

  • In 1910 the business became a limited company. 

  • In 1916 the company ceased manufacturing and in 1919 was listed as dissolved. The London Gazette, 18 July 1919

  • By 1920 G. M. Creyke was working the Bell Works.

  • Clementson continued as Clementsons Potters and Millers Ltd at the Phoenix Mills


 Previously:  Joseph Clementson 




Established 1832
Clementson Brothers
Manufacturers of Every Description of
Earthenware and Ironstone China
White Granite and C.C. Sponged, Printed, 
Marbled, and other Ware, for the United
States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, India,
&c.; also for the Home Market
Phoenix and Bell Works, Hanley, Staffordshire Potteries

The Pottery Gazette,  February 2nd 1880

The 'Established 1832' refers to a previous partnership of Read & Clementson


"The firm manufacture almost entirely for the North and South American and West Indian markets, doing at the present day a very large trade with those sources, their productions comprising white, granite, mid printed goods, such as dinner, tea, and toilet ware, etc, and they are milking a special feature at the present time of printed toilet ware, and also printed and plain semi-porcelain ware, and, having lately added a valuable plant of modern machinery to this end, they are in a position to compete favourably with any other house in the Potteries in these particular goods. 

The Bell Works throughout are fitted with all the most modern and improved machinery und appliances; seven ovens - four of which are glost and three biscuit - are kept constantly going, together with the usual hardening-on and enamelling kilns, etc.; the average number of hands employed by the firm being 275.

Every attention is paid to sanitary matters throughout the works so as to ensure the health and comfort of the operatives, and the general relations existing between Messrs. Clementson Brothers and their numerous workpeople are of the most harmonious and satisfactory character. 

In addition to the manufacture of earthenware, Messrs. Clementson Brothers are also millers, having a very large mill from which they supply other manufacturers with."

1893 trade directory




Jug in the Marguerete pattern 
Jug in the Marguerete pattern

Clementson Bros chamber pot 

Tureen in the Lorraine pattern 



plate in the CHUSAN pattern 



jug in the Claremont pattern

this pattern was first registered on 30th June 1856
by Joseph Clementson


sauce boat in the Parisian Groups pattern

Royal Patent Ironstone China
Parisian Groups
C. B.


Parisian Groups pattern - printed and hand coloured

the Parisian Groups pattern was first produced by 
the predecessor Joseph Clementson

Royal Patent Ironstone China
Parisian Groups
C. B.

photos courtesy: Astrid Marigold





tureen in the Delft pattern
Clementson Bros produced a wide range of dinner ware in this pattern 

along with the Clementson Bros mark 
there is an impressed mark 'MINTON"  

There was no known connection between Clementson and Minton, apart from the fact that they were both pottery companies in Stoke-on-Trent. Clementson was based at the Phoenix works (to match the trade mark) in Shelton, Hanley, and Minton was in Stoke. 

The most likely explanation for the Minton mark is that this was a blank supplied ”in the white” to another manufacturer, in this case Clementson, and decorated with their pattern. This tureen would almost certainly have been part of a larger service and, if the maker didn’t usually produce these and so didn’t have a the right shape in their repertoire it would have been an easy solution to buy the appropriate shape and decorate it. Many companies did this from the 18th century onwards rather than going to the trouble and expense of making a shape for which they usually had little demand.

information kindly supplied by: Stoke-on-Trent City Archives

photos courtesy: Phil Jones



Dining ware produced for the Holyman & Sons White Star Line, Tasmania
jug and plate in the Devonport Naval Heritage Centre

article (April 1935) on William Holyman & Sons  

biography on William Holyman (1858-1921) 


White Star Line
W. Holyman & Sons 


Royal Ironstone China
Clementson Bros

style of mark with the Royal Arms

marks with 'ENGLAND' are generally 1891+, however Clementson Bros used England before this date as can be seen in the 1880 advert above.




Marks used on ware for identification:









Clementson Bros

the mark with the phoenix bird
was originally used by Joseph Clementson

'Marguerete' is the pattern name

marks with 'ENGLAND' are
generally 1891+


Royal Patent Stone Ware



Special White Stone Ware

Warranted Genuine English

Marks with 'Limited" are 1910+ 



Royal Semi Porcelaine
Ivory Ware

'Claremont' is the pattern name

this pattern was first registered on 30th June 1856
by Joseph Clementson and was continued by Clementson Bros

Royal Semi Porcelaine


Royal Ironstone China
Clementson Bros

style of mark with the Royal Arms

marks with 'ENGLAND' are generally 1891+, however Clementson Bros 
used England before this date as can be seen in the 1880 advert above.


Semi China
Clementson Bros

'DELFT' is the pattern name


c.1901 the use of a crown in the mark 
was introduced in place of the Phoenix


Semi Porcelain
Clementson Bros




click picture for more
on the Bell Works

click picture for more
on the Phoenix Works

Questions, comments, contributions? email: Steve Birks