|the local history of Stoke-on-Trent, England||
Focus on - Wedgwood / Wood's Bible
"HISTORIANS are hoping a Bible linked to two pottery dynasties will be brought back home to Stoke-on-Trent.
A Wedgwood family Bible dating back to 1630 is going up for auction in America this month after being discovered in an attic in Maine. It is believed the Bible has been owned by two important Burslem potters – Dr Thomas Wedgwood and Enoch Wood – before ending up on the other side of the Atlantic Ocean.
The book includes handwritten pages by Mr Wood and inscriptions relating to the Wedgwood family. The pieces written by Mr Wood describe how he was inspired to become a potter, who he hired at his pottery business and what he paid them and detailed descriptions of some of his most prized work.
There is also a poignant 16-page tribute written by Mr Wood's son – Enoch Wood Junior – after his father's death.
The Bible is being sold by Gould Auctions, based in Smithfield, Maine, on Saturday, August 28.
Miranda Goodby, .... collections officer in ceramics at The Potteries Museum and Art Gallery in Hanley, said: "The real interest from a local history point of view is that the Bible was written in by Enoch Wood. Without him, we would know a whole lot less about life in 18th century Burslem.
"He was known as the Father of the Potteries when he died and he was Stoke-on-Trent's first historian. "He was proud of Burslem and Stoke-on-Trent. He really wanted people to understand the changes he had seen in his lifetime. "He would have been delighted at the thought of his Bible coming to light and there being so much interest in it." She said Mr Wood was an avid collector of pottery and his pieces formed what is now the Potteries Museum.
He also loved to chronicle what was happening in the world and would often write notes in books and even bury time capsules to let future generations know about the past. Ms Goodby said: "It is no surprise to me whatsoever that he had written in a Bible. He wanted to record what he had seen. "He saved books and rebound them because they had belonged to people he was interested in, which is exactly what he did with this Bible."
Mr Wood bought the Bible at an auction in 1820 and had it rebound. It is thought the book was taken to America by one of Mr Wood's descendants after his death in 1840. It is signed by Dr Thomas Wedgwood, who owned a pottery firm in Burslem and was a distant relative of Josiah Wedgwood, who went on to found the world's greatest ceramics company.
Ms Goodby said: "Enoch Wood's father apprenticed for Dr Thomas Wedgwood in the 1730s and was a very successful potter. There are about five branches of the Wedgwood family and if you go back to the 1620s, they are all from one family. "I don't think Dr Thomas Wedgwood was actually a doctor but there were so many Thomas Wedgwoods in Burslem, a lot of them had nicknames." ....
Auctioneer Timothy Gould, of Gould Auctions, described the inscriptions by Enoch Wood as "remarkable and spectacular".....
Sentinel Newspaper August 11, 2010
17th C. Wedgwood / Wood family bible
The 1631 Bible was printed by Robert Barker in London. It measures 168mm by 120mm
Contained in this 17th century bible, is the introduction in Enoch Wood Sr.’s hand: “The youngest son of Aaron, Grand son of Ralph, I Enoch Wood bought this Bible at John Lockets sale by auction and had it newly bound about the year 1820 AD”.
What follows, in Enoch Wood Sr.’s own hand, is his own family tree; a story of the inspiration for his becoming a potter; whom he first hired at his pottery business and what he paid them; detailed descriptions of some of his most prized work; his deep seated sorrow and emotional entries upon losing family members; a most amazing tale of stowing early pieces of Staffordshire Pottery in baskets and placing them in the walls of a newly rebuilt church in Burslem.
And then, there are handwritten entries by the recipient of the bible upon EW Sr.’s death….. ENOCH WOOD Jr. in his own hand writes an amazingly poignant 16 page tribute to his father which highlights his Dad’s life in great detail, including stories of John Wesley “sitting” for the bust which EW Sr. created;
A detailed physical description of EW Sr. that includes EW Jr., exclaiming that his father was a “great race runner” in his youth Also, a poignant description of the “private” funeral that was not to be as nearly the entire town of Burslem formed a parade behind the family, to escort them to the final resting place of Enoch Wood Sr.
This Bible was previously once the bible of Dr. Thomas Wedgwood (to whom EW Sr.’s father Aaron Wood apprenticed) and is inscribed in Wedgwood’s own hand “Thos Wedgwood his Book” which appears on a page that contains Wedgwood family birth dates of William Wedgwood, Joseph Wedgwood, Mary Wedgwood and Thomas Wedgwood.
The latest handwritten entry in the bible is this signature: “William H. Small Searsport, Maine 1859”.
"Mary Wedgwood the giver (?) of this Book -- Alice Pritchell 1749 Ano Domini
NB. The above Alice I suppose is the person Wm Hollins married from Mitchels in the -----, now called Gallimores Square. EW 1820"
"I Enoch Wood, the youngest son of Aaron, Grandson of Ralph bought this Bible at John Lockets sale by auction and had it newly bound about the year AD1820.
NB John Locket married Isabella Malkin, Daughter of Sam'l Malkin in whose possession this book was found at the time of his decease. Said Samuel Malkin, was many years overseer of the Poor in the Parish of Burslem. He was generaly known by the name Cl------ Malkin, because his father was many years the Cl---- in Burslem Church, but he (the Overseer) never was the Cl---- at Church alltho he was known by that name better than Sam'l.
I perceive on the upper part of the bells in the steeple now in Burslem there are the Names of Thom's W Keen and Sam'l Malkin, who then were the Parson and Clerk of Burslem Church which was then newly built of bricks; the old church of which was taken down in 1717 was built of wood"
"NB. This Ralph Woods Father, fell at the Battle of the Boyne Ireland, in defence of King James the Second.
was the Miller of Burslem Mill and also at Cheddleton and Bells Mill, at the same time Ground at each 2 days each week - he was born at Cheddleton near Leek and died in the 77th year of his age, on the 28th day of 1753 and was buried at Cheddleton nr. Leek, Staffordshire.
The children of Ralph and Elizabeth Wood
".. the founder of that Sect and as my father excelled in the art of modelling - Wesley sat to him for his likeness - and the Bust which he produced had always been considered a most rigid faithful resemblance of that great Man and is to this day considered by the Methodists as the best ever taken of him -
My Father was intimately aquainted with all the celebrated Men belonging to the Wesleyan Body - Dr. Clarke celebrated for his learing in languages & his biblical knowledge ---- ---- to Burslem for the last occasion some miles out of his way ------ as he said to pay his rspectrs to my Father - he was well known (?) also to Dr. Coke & to Mr Neuton (?) all of them Luminarys amongst the Methodists - and yet he never joined their body - but prefered the Church as his place of worship.
In person he was tall being about six feet well proportioned & rather sparce (?) than (?) corpulent but muscular & athletic, he walked with a firm step erect in his gaiter and when young was noted for activity and swiftness as a race runner - nor did his strength fail or his health break until ------ - ----"
"These lines on the left hand side were engraved by me, on the back of a Bust, which I had made a few days before he EW came of the age of Twenty one years & which Bust I hope may be taken care of, it is a very good & perfect likeness of my son Enoch at that age.
I took great care in making it as perfect as I could, & for this purpose I took a plaster cast from his face, indeed, lest one should have any misfortune in firing in the oven, I made two, at the same time, exactly the same together, with the same lines engraved on the back of each.
One of which was placed about seven or eight feet deep under the Church -- and wall at the head, or western part of my Family Vault. Within this Bust, I placed a pane of glass, on which I engraved with a diamond, the names of all my family ----. Within this Vault there is deposited a large Basso Rillievo of the Descent from the Cross modeled by myself also a Cruxifix * modeled at 14 years old."
"* This visible in vault set in mortar."
"The underwritten lines by my eldest daughter Ann B were addressed to my eldest son Enoch & presented to him on the day he arrived at the age of Twenty one years.
At that time she lived in an elevated situation in Liverpool, where she had a view of the River Mersey from the windows of her house in the upper part of Nile Street.
I have desired my daughter to copy the lines, at here leisure. I cannot stand it now, having a most lovely & beautiful Grandson Henry, now lost & lies unburied, at the Big house, in Burslem."
"Addressed to my
Brother Enoch, on his Birthday,
Joy to my Brother! may the
Tho' absent from any
Memorandum respecting the cause of my undertaking to model so large a figure as this Crucifix, before mentioned on the other side, which measures from head to foot, Twenty Two inches.
NB at that period, two men came to Burslen, with a most excellently executed Crucifix in coloured wax, which they alternately carried strapped upon their back in and elegant mahogany flat box lined with black velvet & a large glass before it, which was covered by silk ---.
This, so much astonished all who saw it, that it seemed so to soften their hearts & opened their purses, that it apeared to me, by their traveling from place to place, they would gain a fortune by it in a short time.
I therefore set to work upon a similar subject, about twice the size, with a full intention to persue the same mode; feeling my strength increasing, I thought I should soon be able myself, to carry one on my back so much larger that that, which the astonished crowds flocked to see, that I should be able to see the world (which I much wish) without being at any expense, & should be by that mode getting much better wages than any journey man Potter then was able to get (wages to Potters was then from 10 to 12 shillings per week)
NB About 10 years after this I began to Manufacture Earthenware, as a Master Potter & hired John Proudlove for 12/ per week, & he was said to be to be the best turner (?) squeeser (?) in the neighbourhood, he was employed by R Bucknal Cobridge on White Ware as Salt Glaze Potter, at that time.
I now make this memorandum merely to shew how much time & change of circumstances alters the mind & views of young and inexperienced persons in every state of life.
The bust of E Wood jnr, was placed under the foundation of the wall at the head of my Vault long after the wall or vault were built, there bing a four foot ditch behind the vault & I had given leave to have a deep drain to be cut along the wall outside of the wall, so when this was doing, I introduced the bust as above described."
NB. In the year 1833 it was the will of God to take to himself the spirit of my Grandson John Edward Brettall whose remains were inter'd in my Vault & a large Basso Rillievo of the Descent from the Cross which I had modeld in my early days, was deposited in foot of his niche or compartment in the Vault. Upon the back part of this tablet was engraved by me many memorandums respecting my ancestors & family & very similar to one which was placed in an open.....
"My Grand daughters Elizabeth & Emma Brettello having been resident in my house, & it being their wish to go to Aberistwith on the Welsh Coast for the improvement of their healt, my Daughter Sarah accompanied them, after about two months there Emma was very suddenly taken ill for 24 hours only & altho the best medical care was taken of her.
The all wise creator saw it good to take her spirit to Himself & altho we have a well formed hope, the immortal & happy spirits are at the moment of her departure rejoicing at her joining her late friends & relatives, who are so recently gone before where grief and pain can never reach them or her any more for ever, yet we, who remain cannot soon divest ourselves from the feelings of human nature, at the seperation of the Immorta; part from the Earthly remains, which are however carefully deposited in a proper vault in the Church yard at Aberistwith. Died Oct. 15th 1835 at the age of 22 years."
31 January 1750
Whilst living he was honoured & respected by all who knew him - and at his death was as sincerely mourned, let it not be supposed these sentiments are over charged and to be considered as merely the natural feelings of reverence -------"
A true and perfect copy of
the Terrier of the Parish Church of Burslem
Augt 26th 1791. Attested
signature of Thomas Wedgwood
The Wedgwood family and Enoch Wood